“Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery,” remarked Charles Caleb Colton in 1824.
Congress should pay itself this compliment by establishing an International Fund for Israeli-Palestinian Peace that mirrors the bipartisan path blazed in 1986 by then-House Speaker Tip O’Neill (D-MA) and President Ronald Reagan in their successful efforts creating the same institution to address the violence in Northern Ireland.
Fortunately, with the courageous leadership of two members of Congress, the first step has already been taken.
In the 113th Congress, Reps. Joe Crowley (D-N.Y.) and Jeff Fortenberry (R-Neb.) introduced a bipartisan proposal that would, like Congress did for Ireland, establish and contribute to an International Fund “to promote and support contact, cooperation, dialogue, shared community building, peaceful coexistence, joint economic development, and reconciliation between Israelis and Palestinians.”
H.R. 5795, the International Fund for Israeli-Palestinian Peace Authorization Act of 2014, recognizes that, despite political efforts, official negotiations, and significant investment in a political solution to peace, longstanding peace requires support from citizens. H.R. 5795 promotes the efforts of those working every day to demystify the “other side” and encourages interactions to break down the metaphorical walls between citizens.
The International Fund for Israeli-Palestinian Peace is a component of, not an alternative to, a negotiated peace between the two sides. However, the grassroots component of any long-lasting resolution has not received the political or financial support it deserves.
Currently, through the USAID Conflict Management and Mitigation Program, Congress provides $10 million a year for grants to “people-to-people” reconciliation programs in the region. This figure pales in comparison to the resources dedicated to the “top-down” approach to peace.
The International Fund for Israeli-Palestinian Peace Authorization Act of 2014 would increase U.S. investment in these initiatives by providing $50 million in seed money, to be matched (as was done with the International Fund for Ireland) by other participating nations, private sector donations, and philanthropic contributions.
Nearly 30 years ago, President Reagan urged that “our efforts, together with those of the Governments of the United Kingdom and Ireland, will help to promote economic and social development in Ireland, thereby constructing a durable framework that would provide a promise of peace.”
These same words could be spoken today about the conflict in the Middle East.
Now that the 114th Congress has convened, it should quickly imitate the work done by its legislative counterparts nearly 30 years earlier. The lessons learned in Northern Ireland should guide our actions in the Middle East. The proposal from Crowley and Fortenberry should be reintroduced, and the legislation should move quickly through the U.S. Congress.
President Reagan and Speaker O’Neill would be flattered to see the legislature replicating their bipartisan success.